GIBRAN KHALIL GIBRAN, Lebanon (1883 - 1931)
Gibran Khalil Girban was born in Bsharri, Northern Lebanon in 1883 during the Ottoman rule. In 1895 he immigrated to Boston, US with his mother and siblings, where he met renowned photographer Fred Holland Day, who introduced him to mythology and English poetry. Three years later he returned to his native country and studied at College La Sagesse in Beirut, where he extensively read Arabic and French Literature. In 1902 he moved back to Boston and had his first solo exhibition two years later at Day’s atelier where he met Mary Haskell, a school headmistress who recognized the artist’s talent and financed his enrollment at the Académie Julian in Paris and later his move to New York in 1911. During his stay in Paris, Gibran experimented with oils for the first time, and soon dropped out of the academy to work under artist Pierre-Marcel Béronneau, student of symbolist painter Gustave Moreau. He was also influenced by Auguste Rodin and visited his studio. Afterwards Gibran settled in New York and entered the Arabic literary scene, devoting his time to writing and painting. In 1918 he published The Madman, his first book written in English. He also became more politically active, encouraging Syrian revolution against the Ottoman Empire. An artist, poet, novelist and philosopher, he is one of the great figures in the twentieth-century revival of Arabic literature. His masterpiece, The Prophet was published in 1923 and has since been translated into more than 35 languages, eventually making Gibran the third-best-selling poet of all time. His name was changed and shortened to Kahlil Gibran to make it relatable to the International market. He also creates drawings and paintings depicting mystical portraits. Gibran passed away in New York in 1931, of cirrhosis of the liver. His remains, following his wishes, are kept inside a rock halfway between the Eternal Cedars and the Holy Valley of Kadisha in Lebanon.
Abillama, Nour, Marie Tomb, Tamara Zantout, and Pia Bou Khater. Art from Lebanon. Beirut, Lebanon: Wonderful Editions, 2012.
Kahlil Gibran horizons of the painter. Beirut: Nicolas Sursock Museum, 1999.
Gibran National Committee. Accessed December 19, 2017. http://www.gibrankhalilgibran.org/.
Chahine, Richard. One Hundred Years of Plastic Arts in Lebanon, 1880-1980, vols. I&II. (Beirut: Chahine Gallery, 1980), 7.
“Kahlil Gibran”. Poetry Foundation. https://www.poetryfoundation.org/poets/kahlil-gibran (accessed April 23, 2020).
“Kahlil Gibran”. Metmusuem.org. https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/487711 (accessed April 23, 2020).
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Selected Solo Exhibitions
Kahlil Gibran- The Garden of the Prophet, Immigration Museum, Museums Victoria, Melbourne, Australia
Kahlil Gibran and the Feminine Divine at Jepson Center for the Arts, US
Gibran: A Human Perspective, Sharjah Art Museum, Sharjah, UAE
Kahlil Gibran in Unknown Works, Notre Dame University, Lebanon
Kahlil Gibran: Tribute to Motherland, Beiteddine Art Festival, Beiteddine, Lebanon
Visions of the Prophet: The Visual Art of Kahlil Gibran, Huntington Museum of Art, Virginia, US
Latin American Memorial, Sao Paolo, Brazil
Kahlil Gibran: The Prophet, The Artist, The Man, State Library of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia
Art Lab, Gemmayze, Beirut, Lebanon
To Discover Beauty: The Art of Kahlil Gibran, Selections from the Collection of the Telfair Museum of Art, Arab American Museum, Michigan, US
A Man from Lebanon: The Art of Kahlil Gibran, Antiochian Heritage Museum, Pennsylvania, US
Kahlil Gibran, Nicolas Sursock Museum, Beirut, Lebanon
Mr. Alexander Morton, New York, US
Fred Holland Day’s Studio, Boston, US
Selected Group Exhibitions
Lines of Subjectivity: Portrait and Landscape Painting, Jordan National Gallery of Fine Arts, Amman, Jordan
The Arab Nude: The Artist As Awakener, Rose and Shaheen Saleeby Museum, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
Le Corps Découvert, Institut du Monde Arabe, Paris, France
Art from Lebanon, Beirut Exhibition Center, Beirut, Lebanon
Byblos International Festival, UNESCO Square, Byblos, Lebanon
Jesus the Son of Man, published by the library of Alexandria
Sand and Foam, published by Alfred A. Knopf
The Prophet, published by Alfred A. Knopf
Twenty Drawings, a collection of drawings, New York, US
The Madman, published by Alfred A. Knopf, New York, US
Al Ajniha Al Mutakassira (The Broken Wings), published by the printing house of the periodical Meraat-ul-Gharb, New York, US
Nymphs of the Valley, a collection of three short stories
Music, a collection of articles published in the newspaper Al Muhajer
Gibran Museum, Bsharri, Lebanon
Harvard Arts Museum, Massachusetts, US
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, US
Ramzi and Saeda Dalloul Art Foundation, Beirut, Lebanon
Ministry of Culture, Lebanon
Nabu Museum, El Heri, Lebanon
Barjeel Art Foundation, Sharjah, UAE
Telfair Museums, Savannah, Georgia
Soumaya Museum, Mexico City, Mexico
Antiochian Heritage Musuem, Pennsylvania, US
Brooklyn Museum, New York, US