Dalloul Art Foundation

Dalloul Art Foundation

ABDELAZIZ GORGI ABDELAZIZ GORGI

ABDELAZIZ GORGI, Tunisia (1928 - 2008)

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Bio

Written & Translated by Layla Yakoub

Abdelaziz Gorgi was born in 1928 in Tunis. He grew up between the Medina of Tunis and Sidi Bou Said in a family of artisans, who specialized in traditional Tunisian hats called chechia. He was one of the first Tunisians to study at the Institut Supérieur des Beaux-Arts of Tunis, which he joined in 1944 with the encouragement of the painter and decorator Henry Farion. Five years later, he left to continue his training in Paris, where, while immersing himself in the scene of Montparnasse painters, he joined the studio of painter and ceramist Henri Plisson, followed by that of Fernand Léger.

Gorgi built a multi-faceted career upon returning to Tunisia in the late 1950s. In addition to his practice, he grew invested in the pottery workshops of Nabeul, and in 1957 assumed the position of regional director of the Office National de l’Artisanat. In 1959 he became a teacher at the Institut des Beaux-Arts of Tunis, where he taught drawing, painting, and ceramics until 1983. In 1963, he collaborated with the artist Sofia Farhat to found Zin, a decoration company that took on regional and international projects, including one for the World Health Organization in Geneva in 1964. 

Encouraging the development of the arts in Tunisia was of lifelong importance to Gorgi. He was an early member of the Groupe des Dix collective, which came out of the Groupe des Quatre in the late 1940s and laid the foundation for the Ecole de Tunis movement. Modeled after the Ecole de Paris, Ecole de Tunis was a confederation of artists who practiced different styles and espoused numerous ideologies but were united in their aim to enrich the local arts scene by gathering the best talents from the capital. Gorgi was one of the leading artists and organizational pillars of the Ecole de Tunis and became its president in 1968.

In 1973, he created the Galerie Gorgi in Tunis. The first in a series of Tunisian private galleries, it marked the country’s artistic landscape by paving the way for the development of a local art market. Galerie Gorgi became the stronghold of the Ecole de Tunis, which benefited from new opportunities to exhibit and to make their artists known in a more direct and wider-reaching context. Building on this success, Gorgi founded a second gallery in 1988 in Sidi Bou Said. He entrusted it to his daughter Aïcha and named it Galerie Ammar Farhat, a tribute to his friend and contemporary who had passed a year earlier.

Gorgi shared with most members of the Ecole de Tunisa tendency to draw themes from traditional life in Tunisia, which gave substance to their goal of building a distinguishably “Tunisian” national art. Throughout his early career, he referred directly to the conventions of Islamic miniature painting, which inspired, among much else, his precise lines and the two-dimensional characters he often represented in profile, performing traditional or symbolic actions. These conventions, paradoxically, helped Gorgi free himself from many artistic constraints within and beyond formal conceptions of realism and Western traditions of representation, notably through his choice of colors and treatment of depth independently from the linear perspective. 

In the late 1960s, Gorgi’s style evolved further toward spontaneity and fantasy, inspired by various modern movements such as naïve art, surrealism and, cubism. He worked almost systematically with flat colors and sharp boundaries to refine an aesthetic of simplicity that is specific to his work despite being rich in detail. With lightness and humor, his lively characters are deformed, deconstructed, intertwined, and full of color. Gorgi would even sign opposite corners of some paintings to suggest viewing them from all directions. The artist played with the flatness of surfaces even in his sculptures; he endowed them with his colorful and curiously modern style, always diffusing a touch of folly.

Following a lifetime of participation and investment in Tunisia’s arts culture, Gorgi was honored with awards from Tunisian authorities throughout the 1990s, and the Tunisian Ministry of Culture even designated the year 2000 as the “Gorgi year.” These late-career accolades are misleading; the awards may have come towards the end of his life, but Gorgi had made a name for himself decades before that. In the 1950s, for example, he was well enough established that the Tunisian Post Office commissioned him to produce a series of stamps.

When Gorgi died in 2008, his daughter renamed Galerie Ammar Farhat to Galerie A-Gorgi in his honor, and the gallery remains active to this day. To commemorate the tenth anniversary of Gorgi’s death, the exhibition Gorgi Pluriel was dedicated to him in 2018 at the Hayreddin Palace in Tunis. Several hundreds of his works and those of his contemporaries were exhibited alongside tribute works by present-day artists. 

Sources

Publications

Memmi, Albert. Gorgi. Tunis: Alif - Les Editions De La Méditerrannée, 2001.

Souissi, Leila. Gorgi. Sidi Bou Saïd: Galerie Ammar Farhat, 2007.

Louati, Ali. L'aventure De L'art Moderne En Tunisie. Tunis: Simpact éditions, 1997.  

Articles

Gerschultz, Jessica. "Gorgi, Abdelaziz (1928–2007)." The Routledge Encyclopedia of Modernism. : Taylor and Francis, 2016. Date Accessed 4 Apr. 2019 https://www.rem.routledge.com/articles/gorgi-abdelaziz-1928-2007. doi:10.4324/9781135000356-REM435-1.

"Abdelaziz Gorgi, Pionnier De L'art Moderne Tunisien." IDEO. December 03, 2018. Accessed April 05, 2019. https://www.ideomagazine.com/a....

"Abdelaziz Gorgi : Hommage à L'un Des Pionniers De L'art En Tunisie Au Palais Kheireddine." Radio Misk. Accessed April 05, 2019. https://misk.tn/abdelaziz-gorg....

"Abdelaziz Gorgi." Répertoire Des Artistes Tunisiens. February 23, 2018. Accessed April 05, 2019. http://repertoire-artistestunisiens.com/abdelaziz-gorgi/.

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CV

Selected Solo Exhibitions

2018

Gorgi Pluriel, Palais Kheireddine, Tunis, Tunisia

2013

Maison des arts du belvédère, Tunis, Tunisia

2008

Maison des arts du belvédère, Tunis, Tunisia

2007

Galerie Ammar Farhat, Tunis, Tunisia

1961

Exhibitions in New York, Chicago and Stockholm

Selected Group Exhibitions

1961

Biennale de Paris, Paris, France

Prizes and awards

2000

Price of the President of the Republic for the innovation and creation
Year designated ‘Gorgi year’ by the Tunisian Ministry of Culture

1999

Grand Cordon de l’Ordre National du Mérite Culturel

1990

Prix du mérite dans le domaine des arts plastiques

1961

1erprix de la ville de Tunis

Collections

Ramzi and Saeda Dalloul Art Foundation, Beirut, Lebanon


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Documents

Gorgi.
Galerie Ammar Farhat
Fondation Kamel Lazaar, French, 2017

Catalog From DAF Library

Gorgi.
Albert Memmi
ALIF - Les Éditions de la Méditerranée, French, 2001

Excerpt from Monograph

L'aventure de l'art moderne en Tunisie
Ali Louati
Simpact, French, 1997

Excerpt from book p.105-109, p.130-131

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Press

Comment sauver de l’anonymat cette fresque de Gorgi ?
Hatem Bourial
Tunis Webdo, French, 2017
اﻟﺘﻘﻠﻴﺪي ﺑﺄﻗﻨﻌﺔ رﺳﻤﻴﺔ ; رﺳﺎم اﻟﻤﺆﺳﺴﺔ اﻟﺬاﻫﺐ إﻟﻰ ﺣﺪاﺛﺘﻪ
Farouk Youssef
Alarab.co.uk, Arabic, 2017
Abdelaziz Gorgi, pionnier de l’art moderne tunisien
Inès Ben Azouz
Ideomagazine, French, 2018
Portrait de femme : Aïcha Gorgi, de père en fille…
Femmesdetunisie.com, French, 2015
عــبـــد‭ ‬الـــعــــزيـــز‭ ‬ڤــــرجــــــي وأسئلـــة‭ ‬الهــويّــة‭ ‬والحــداثــة
Ali Louati
Leaders.com, Arabic, 2015
Tunisie-Arts: Abdelaziz Gorgi: la grande modernité d'un peintre authentique
Zohra Abid
Kapitalis.com, French, 2014
Le peintre Abdelaziz Gorgi s'en va "à la poursuite de l'aurore"
Raouf Medelgi
Turess.com (Original source : Le Temps), French, 2008
Abdelaziz Gorgi n'est plus...
Massir Destin
Mon Massir (blog), French, 2008
Les peintures de Abdelaziz Gorgi
Babnet, French, 2011
عبدالعزیز القرجي
Alwasatnews.com, Arabic, 2008
رحيل الرسام الكبير عبد العزيز القرجي 
Turess.com (Original source : الصّباح), Arabic, 2008
وفاة الفنان التشكيلي التونسي عبد العزيز القرجي
Addustour.com (taken from AFP Tunis), Arabic, 2008
وفاة الفنان التشكيلي التونسي عبد العزيز القرجي
Reuters, Arabic, 2008
بين عبد العزيز القرجي ومعروض الطيب عياط
بوكرش محمد
Aswat-elchamal, Arabic, 2010
Abdelaziz Gorgi : hommage à l’un des pionniers de l’art en Tunisie au Palais Kheireddine
Ghalia Kriaa
Misk.tn, French, 2018
Abdelaziz Gorgi, dix ans après
Hatem Bourial
Le Temps, French, 2018
Abdelaziz Gorgi, un parcours atypique et une oeuvre jouissive à découvrir
Rihab Boukhayatia
Huffington Post Maghreb, French, 2018
Arts plastiques : Une rétrospective Gorgi au Palais Khereddine
Hatem Bourial
Tunis Webdo, French, 2018
افتتاح معرض الفنان التشكيلي المرحوم عبد العزيز القرجي
Carthage.tn, Arabic, 2018
EVENEMENT - Le Palais Kheireddine rend hommage à Abdelaziz Gorgi
Lepetitjournal Tunis, French, 2018
“Gorgi Pluriel” : Voyage atemporel dans le monde joyeux et enfantin de feu Abdelaziz Gorgi
WMC
Webmanagercenter.com, French, 2019
Expo Talan : l’artiste tunisien Gorgi à l’honneur
Talan.com, French
"Gorgi Pluriel" pour le peintre tunisien Abdelaziz Gorgi
Contruire-en-tunisie.fr, French, 2018
Hommage à Abdelaziz Gorgi
Exception Tunisienne, French, 2018
L’hommage de Talan au peintre Abdelaziz Gorgi, dix ans après son décès
Zohra Abid
Kapitalis.com, French, 2018
L'Expo Talan : Rétrospective « Gorgi Pluriel » au Palais Kheireddine
B.L.
Jetsetmagazine.net, French, 2018
رئيس الجمهورية يفتتح معرضا فنيا للراحل عبد العزيز القرجي
Nessma.tv, Arabic, 2018
عشر سنوات على رحيل عبدالعزيز قرجي: معرض من أجله
شيماء العبيدي
Misk.tn, Arabic, 2018
Le palais Kheïreddine dans la médina de Tunis célèbre l’œuvre de Gorgi (Album Photos et Vidéo)
Leaders.com, French, 2018
Exposition “Gorgi pluriel” du 10 décembre 2018 au 10 février 2019 au palais Kheireddine de la Médina de Tunis
Tekiano, French, 2018
رئيس الجمهورية يفتتح معرض الفنان التشكيلي التونسي المرحوم عبد العزيز القرجي
Telvza-tv.tn, Arabic
افتتاح معرض الفنان التشكيلي المرحوم عبد العزيز القرجي
سلوى الترهوني
Tunisien.tn, Arabic, 2018
(افتتاح معرض المرحوم الرسام عبد العزيز القرجي  (فيديو + صور
Mosaiquefm.net, Arabic, 2018
(افتتاح معرض المرحوم الرسام عبد العزيز القرجي (صور
TN24, Arabic, 2018
(افتتحه رئيس الجمهورية: الشاهد يختتم معرض الراحل عبد العزيز القرجي (صور
Acharaa.com, Arabic, 2019
اﻟﺷﺎھد ﯾﺧﺗﺗم ﻣﻌرض ﺗﻛرﯾم اﻟﻔﻧﺎن اﻟﺗﺷﻛﯾﻠﻲ اﻟﺗوﻧﺳﻲ اﻟراﺣل ﻋﺑد اﻟﻌزﯾز اﻟﻘرﺟﻲ
Alsabahnews.tn, Arabic, 2019
المعرض الإستعادي «القرجي المتعدّد» في قصر خير الدين
كمال الهلالي
Essahafa.tn, Arabic
بـ"غاليري" قصر خير الدين.. عبد العزيز القرجي ينهض كطائر الفنيق مزهرًا ومبهجًا
رمزي العياري
Ultratunisia.ultrasawt.com, Arabic, 2018
رئيس الجمهورية التونسية يفتتح معرض المرحوم عبد العزيز القرجي
Artsgulf.com, Arabic, 2018
رئيس الجمهورية يفتتح معرض الفنان التشكيلي التونسي المرحوم عبد العزيز القرجي
Babnet, Arabic, 2018
رئيس الجمهورية يفتتح معرض المرحوم عبد العزيز القرجي
Business News (arabic), Arabic, 2018
رئيس الحكومة يشرف على اختتام معرض الفنان المرحوم عبد العزيز القرجي
حمدي بالناجح
Rayaljadid.com, Arabic, 2019
رئيس الحكومة يختتم معرض تكريم الفنان التشكيلي التونسي الراحل عبد العزيز القرجي
Babnet.net, Arabic, 2019
!متعهدا بحلّ وضعيات قاطني المدينة العتيقة .. “قايد السبسي” يفتتح معرض التشكيلي الراحل عبد العزيز القرجي
Mada-Alakhbar.com, Arabic
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