Dalloul Art Foundation

Dalloul Art Foundation

MONA SAUDI MONA SAUDI

MONA SAUDI, Jordan (1945)

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Bio

Written by Mysa Kafil-Hussain

“For me making a sculpture is like creating poetry in stone. It comes from my inner self and every work I create is like a piece of my soul”
Mona Saudi[1]

Considered a pioneer of Jordanian art and a trailblazing female Arab Sculptor, Mona Saudi has been pushing boundaries throughout her successful artistic career and also throughout her personal life. Born in 1945 in Amman, into a strict and religious household, Saudi had been a dreamer from a young age, dreaming well beyond the confines of the limitations of her traditional upbringing. As a child, she would explore the ancient ruins surrounding her home which dated back millennia. Leaving her friends behind to play with stone statues and Roman columns, Saudi wondered how they were made and how the stone came to life.[2] She knew as a child that she wanted to be creative and to make art, feeling more at home in nature than anywhere else. “My first feelings were toward being earthy”,[3] explained Saudi in a 2010 interview, and these feelings drew her to the freedom of the outside world in many different ways. One of Saudi’s older brothers died when she was just eight years old, forcing her to reflect on how short life could be, and that there was no time to waste and no permission to seek: “I believe that rather than talking about dreams, one has to dare to act”.[4] At the age of seventeen, Saudi was forbidden by her father from applying to university, forcing her to make the decision to drop out of high school and, without permission from her family, fled from Amman to Beirut alone to pursue her dreams of becoming an artist.[5]

Saudi arrived in bustling Beirut in 1963, quickly feeling at home in the cosmopolitan Lebanese capital, and made lifelong friendships with poets, artists and writers, including Adonis, Paul Guiragossian and Youssef Al Khal.[6] Sculptor Michel Basbous took her under his wing, teaching the young artist all he knew about the artform, along with artist Halim Jurdak, who opened the doors for Saudi to Beirut’s burgeoning cultural scene.[7] This paved the way for Saudi’s first exhibition of her paintings in the building belonging to the Lebanese newspaper al-Nahar in the Hamra district, at the Café de la Presse. With the money made from works sold at the exhibition, Saudi financed her ticket to Paris, a city she had always dreamed of visiting. Travelling by sea, she arrived in Paris in February 1964 and ventured to find the only person she knew in the city – Halim Jurdak, who she had met in Beirut.[8] Jurdak helped Saudi find a place to stay, and she soon began studying sculpture at l’École Nationale Superieure des Beaux-Arts and exploring the Louvre and discovering the work of modern artists such as Constantin Branusci, whose sculptures left a lasting impression on her.[9] During this time, she also joined the Atelier Colamarini, where she learnt about carving, and also travelled to Carrara in Italy (famous for its marble quarries) where she spent several months in the city’s sculpture studios.[10]

In 1965, Saudi created her first work in stone, entitled Mother/Earth, a distinct limestone form exuding female energy. The title would be used many times over many decades in a series celebrating ideas of fertility and growth.[11] Saudi left Paris in 1968, briefly returning to Jordan to work in a Palestinian refugee camp following the June War, during which time she encouraged refugee children to express themselves by drawing, eventually compiling their work into a book entitled In Time of War: Children Testify. She then moved back to Beirut in 1969, where she began to experiment further and find her own, personal artistic style.

Following her time spent in the refugee camps, Saudi created more work related to the Palestinian cause in the following years. In 1968, she took part in the landmark ‘International Art Exhibition for Palestine’ at the Beirut Arab University, and once she moved back to Beirut, joined the Palestinian Liberation Organisation (PLO) art department, designing posters for the cause. Saudi was not just an artist – she was also a poet, and as well as creating work based on her own poetry (and publishing poetry collections) she began producing prints inspired by the words of others, including Adonis, which she exhibited during the Lebanese Civil War in 1975. She then undertook a project dedicated to her close friend, the Palestinian writer and poet Mahmoud Darwish, creating silkscreen prints inspired by and incorporating his poetry, seven of which (one full edition) can be found in the Dalloul Collection. In her homage to Darwish, she created The Lover’s Tree (1977), Song to the Green (1977), Poem of the Land (1979), The Earth Poem (1979), Poem of the Sand (1979), and This is Her Photograph and this is…the Lover (1979 and 1980), all large prints combining Darwish’s words written by Saudi’s hands, and drawings clearly relating to her natural and figural sculptural forms. The first – The Lover’s Tree – was inspired by Darwish’s long and moving poem he penned after his friend, the poet Rashid Hussein, took his own life. Saudi read the poem and drew a figurative image of two people embracing. Flanked above and below by rocks and a crescent form, Saudi sees this image as representing a love between human and land, an intimate relationship which can be seen in a multitude of ways throughout her sculptural drawings. Saudi later gifted this print to Darwish directly.[12]

Saudi related poetry, drawing and sculpture together as one, not only through incorporating poems into her drawings, but also seeing sculpting itself as a form of poetry: “When you write poetry, the first sentence comes and then the rest just starts to flow. It is the same with my sculpture.”[13] She would sculpt her works with her bare hands, forming a range of shapes and then transforming them into lyrical, rhythmic abstract forms, both intricately geometric and organically rooted at the same time. Her choice of material plays an important role in her work, having fallen in love with stone in the 1960s and becoming fascinated by the textures and colors found across the Arab world, including Syrian black diorite, a honey-colored Lebanese marble, Yemeni alabaster, and a green-veined marble from the deserts of Jordan, which she then dubbed ‘Jordanian jade’,[14] as well as white marble from Carrera. This range of textured marble, contrasting color and intimate manipulation of form can be seen in both Tree of Life and Birth of Beirut, both undated sculptures in the Dalloul Collection which exude a natural connection with the earth and body.

Saudi was persuaded to leave Beirut for Amman in 1983 in the midst of the civil war, and there continued her art practice in addition to illustrating books for a range of authors, including the late Ghassan Kanafani. Throughout the 1980s and 1990s she gained further success with important sculptural works installed in Paris’ Institut du Monde Arabe, the French Embassy in Amman and later won Jordan’s National Honorary Award from King Hussein in 1993.[15] Saudi soon returned to Lebanon, and several years later began working at the American University of Beirut (AUB), where she taught for roughly a decade whilst also participating in many exhibitions. Now jumping between Beirut, Amman and London, where her daughter (artist and designer Dia Batal) lives, Saudi continues to make art and exhibit. Seeing herself as a dreamer, inspired by beauty and harmony, Saudi is receptive to all influences, senses and events happening around her, which consistently feed into her work. Above all, however, she has always been inspired by nature, from her childhood until the present day, a “lady of the earth”.[16]

[1] Jyoti Kalsi, “Mona Saudi Creates Poetry in Stone”, Gulf News, June 24, 2015, https://gulfnews.com/entertainment/arts-culture/mona-saudi-creates-poetry-in-stone-1.1540044

[2] Farouk Yousif, “منى السعودي النحاتة التي أنطقت الحجر شعرا”, Al-Arab, February 21, 2016, http://alarab.co.uk/منى-السعودي-النحاتة-التي-أنطقت-الحجر-شعرا

[3] Matthew Teller, “Finding the Essence”, Aramco World, May/June 2010, https://archive.aramcoworld.com/issue/201003/finding.the.essence.htm

[4] Kalsi, “Mona Saudi Creates Poetry in Stone”

[5] Teller, “Finding the Essence”

[6] Barjeel Art Foundation & Abu Dhabi Music & Arts Foundation, “Mona Saudi”, Sky Over The East

Works from the Collection of Barjeel Art Foundation (Exhibition Catalogue), 2014, p.92, https://www.barjeelartfoundation.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/ADMAF_Barjeel_book-LR.pdf

[7] Yousif, “منى السعودي النحاتة التي أنطقت الحجر شعرا”

[8] Teller, “Finding the Essence”

[9] Yousif, “منى السعودي النحاتة التي أنطقت الحجر شعرا”

[10] Barjeel Art Foundation & Abu Dhabi Music & Arts Foundation, “Mona Saudi”, p.92

[11] XVA Gallery, “Mona Saudi”, XVA Gallery, Dubai, n.d., https://www.xvagallery.com/artist/mona-saudi/

[12] Arab News, “The Breakdown: Mona Saudi – ‘The Lover’s Tree’”, Arab News: Lifestyle, August 7, 2020, https://www.arabnews.com/node/1715906/lifestyle

[13] Ibid

[14] Teller, “Finding the Essence”

[15] Ibid

[16] Teller, “Finding the Essence”

Sources

Arab News: “The Breakdown: Mona Saudi – ‘The Lover’s Tree’”. Arab News: Lifestyle. August 7, 2020. Accessed September 2020. https://www.arabnews.com/node/1715906/lifestyle

Barjeel Art Foundation & Abu Dhabi Music & Arts Foundation. “Mona Saudi”. Sky Over The East

Works from the Collection of Barjeel Art Foundation (Exhibition Catalogue). 2014. p.92. Accessed September 2020.  https://www.barjeelartfoundation.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/05/ADMAF_Barjeel_book-LR.pdf

Kalsi, Jyoti. “Mona Saudi Creates Poetry in Stone”. Gulf News. June 24, 2015. Accessed September 2020.  https://gulfnews.com/entertainment/arts-culture/mona-saudi-creates-poetry-in-stone-1.1540044  

Teller, Matthew. “Finding the Essence”. Aramco World. May/June 2010. Accessed September 2020.  https://archive.aramcoworld.com/issue/201003/finding.the.essence.htm

XVA Gallery: “Mona Saudi”. XVA Gallery, Dubai. Accessed September 2020. https://www.xvagallery.com/artist/mona-saudi/

Yousif, Farouk. “منى السعودي النحاتة التي أنطقت الحجر شعرا”. Al-Arab. February 21, 2016. Accessed September 2020. http://alarab.co.uk/منى-السعودي-النحاتة-التي-أنطقت-الحجر-شعرا      

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CV

Selected Solo Exhibitions

2019

Poetic Inspirations, XVA Gallery, Dubai, United Arab Emirates

2018

Poetry and Form, Sharjah Art Museum, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
Focus: Icons – Mona Saudi, Abu Dhabi Art (with Lawrie Shabibi Gallery), Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

2017

Humanized Abstraction, Saleh Barakat Gallery, Beirut, Lebanon

2015

Poetry in Stone, Lawrie Shabibi Gallery, Dubai, United Arab Emirates

2012

Artcircle Gallery, Beirut, Lebanon

2011

Saint John Perse Foundation, Aix-en-Provenance, France
Europia Gallery, Paris, France

2010

Mona Saudi: Poetic Inspirations, The Mosaic Rooms, London, United Kingdom
Jacaranda Images Gallery, Amman, Jordan

2004

Quartier des Arts, Beirut, Lebanon

1999

Al Oudaya Museum, Rabat, Morocco

1995

Retrospective: Mona Saudi, Darat Al Funun, Amman, Jordan

1992

Galerie 50 x 70, Beirut, Lebanon

1985

Al-Salmieh Gallery, Kuwait City, Kuwait

1984

Alif Gallery, Washington D.C., United States of America

1983

Alia Art Gallery, Amman, Jordan

1982

Galerie Epreuve d’Artiste, Beirut, Lebanon

1981

Sculptures and Drawings, Galerie Elissar, Beirut, Lebanon

1975

Galerie Contemporaine, Beirut, Lebanon

1973

Galerie One, Beirut, Lebanon

1971

Galerie Vercamer, Paris, France

1963

Café de la Presse, Beirut, Lebanon

Selected Group Exhibitions

2020

Upsurge: Waves, Colour and Illusions, Lawrie Shabibi, Dubai, United Arab Emirates

2019

Out of Context, Saleh Barakat Gallery, Beirut, Lebanon
LINE, Darat Al Funun, Amman, Jordan
Materialize, Lawrie Shabibi, Dubai, United Arab Emirates

2017

Lines of Subjectivity: Portraits and Landscape Paintings, Jordan National Gallery of Fine Arts, Amman, Jordan

2015

Rituals of Signs and Transitions (1975-1995), Darat Al Funun, Amman, Jordan

2014

Sky Over the East, Emirates Palace, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
Poetry and Exile, The British Museum, London, United Kingdom

2013

Joint exhibition with Dia Batal, Jacaranda Images Gallery, Amman, Jordan
HIWAR: Conversations in Amman, Darat Al Funun, Amman, Jordan

2012

Le Corps Decouvert, Institut du Monde Arabe, Paris, France
The Power of Words: Artists from the Khalid Shoman Collection, Darat Al Funun, Amman, Jordan

2011

Salon d’Automne, Sursock Museum, Beirut, Lebanon

2007

Art Inspired by Poetry: Artists Inspired by the Khalid Shoman Collection, Darat Al Funun, Amman, Jordan

2004

Arabic Calligraphy: Contemporary Arab Artists, Darat Al Funun, Amman, Jordan

2003

International Cairo Biennale, Cairo, Egypt
The Khalid Shoman Collection, Darat Al Funun, Amman, Jordan

2001

Les Ateliers Arabes, UNESCO, Beirut, Lebanon

2000

Journey through the Contemporary Arts of the Arab World – Bilad Al Sham (1): Jordan, Darat Al Funun, Amman, Jordan

1997 

Voyage en Jordanie, Hotel de Ville, Paris, France

1996

Rhythm and Form: Visual Reflections on Poetry, United States of America

1994

Forces of Change, National Museum of Women in the Arts, Washington D.C., United States of America

1993

Salon d’Automne, Sursock Museum, Beirut, Lebanon

1987

Arab Contemporary Artists, Institut du Monde Arabe, Paris, France

1981

Arab Artists, Kunst Hus, Oslo, Norway

1980

Palestinian Art, Tehran, Iran; Berlin, Germany; Warsaw, Poland

1979

Palestinian Art, Oriental Museum, Moscow, Russia

1978

International Art Exhibition for Palestine, Beirut, Lebanon
Colamarini and his Students, Musee Rodin, Paris, France
Palestinian Art, Tokyo, Japan

1972

Salon de Mai, Musée d’Art Moderne, Paris, France

Public Exhibitions

2018

Art Dubai (with Agial Art Gallery), Dubai, United Arab Emirates

2017

Beirut Art Fair (with Agial Art Gallery), Beirut, Lebanon

2016

Abu Dhabi Art (with Lawrie Shabibi Gallery), Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

2015

Art Dubai (with Lawrie Shabibi Gallery), Dubai, United Arab Emirates

2014

Abu Dhabi Art (with Lawrie Shabibi Gallery), Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

Collections

Asilah Museum, Morocco
Arab Bank Headquarters, Amman, Jordan
Barjeel Art Foundation, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
The British Museum, London, United Kingdom
Cairo Bank Headquarters, Amman, Jordan
Dar Al Athar Al Islamiyya, Kuwait
Darat Al Funun: The Khalid Shoman Foundation, Amman, Jordan
French Embassy, Amman, Jordan
Al Hariri Art Collection, Beirut, Lebanon
Institut du Monde Arabe, Paris, France
International Sculpture Park, Rashana, Lebanon
Jabal Amman, Public Square, Amman, Jordan
Jordan National Gallery of the Fine Arts, Amman, Jordan
Ministry of Culture, Cairo, Egypt
Museum of Modern Art, Kuwait
National Museum for Women in the Arts, Washington D. C., United States of America
Ramzi and Saeda Dalloul Art Foundation, Beirut, Lebanon
Sharjah Art Foundation, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
Sursock Museum, Beirut, Lebanon
University of Science & Technology, Irbid, Jordan
Al Wafa Bank, Casablanca, Morocco

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